Advice

Advice from the Teachers

Teachers: Nouman Ali Khan and Abdul Nasir Jangda.

Dawah:

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[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjyPsMz-kpc%5D

فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

fa dhakkir inna maa anta mudhakkir –

So remind, surely you are a reminder. [Ghashiyah 88:21]

Allah didn’t even say – fa dhakkir HUM (then remind THEM)

Allah is telling His Messenger that you don’t need to worry about them (those who disbelieve). They will believe or they won’t believe.

But you just have to fulfill the obligation of conveying the message and reminding them.

 

وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ

wa Qul-il haqqu min Rabbikum fa man shaa’a fa-l yu’min, fa man shaa’a fa-l yaKfur.. –

and Say the truth is from your Master, so whoever wants will believe, and whoever wants is ungrateful/disbelieve.. [al Kahf 18:29]


The people have to believe, but if they don’t, they will enter a Fire in the next life – and this is why the Messenger is afraid for them.

However, the disbeliever thinks the Messenger is trying to convince them for an ulterior motive or for his own benefit. And this is why they continuously reject him and accuse him.
وَيَا قَوْمِ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مَالًا ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى ال

And O people, I am not asking you for reward, My reward is with Allah (Hud 11:29)

You are nothing but a Continuous Reminderer (mudhakkir) [Ghashiyah 88:21-22]

So Allah is telling His Messenger that they [the non muslims] will debate you, and insult you and put false labels on you (that the Messenger is insane, has ulterior motives, etc.) but Allah is telling us;

Fa dhakkir – then continue to remind.
Remind about what?

That Allah is our Originator, that we are responsible in obeying Him, and that we will be asked about our actions on Judgment Day, and we will go to Hell or Paradise as a result.

If they accuse us or the Messenger of anything, ignore them. Because Allah has already confirmed that His Messenger is not a liar or insane person. So we just need to continue reminding about the main message of Islam through the Quran;

1 – Allah’s signs.

2 – Our Responsibility infront of Allah.

3 – the Payback of disbelievers and believers [Hell or Paradise]. 

Surah Nun/Qalam: starts off with Allah telling His Messenger that you are not insane/mad/schizophrenic etc. by the favour of your Master [Qalam 68:2] And at the end of the surah He tells us that the disbelievers say he is insane [Qalam 68:51]. But just the pure message of the surah has proven he is not, and by the end of the surah – you don’t even feel that their insults are a big deal.

Our job is not to convert anyone, but just to deliver the message. It might be that this warning and good news you give effects someone’s heart in the future when you didn’t expect.
Fundamental Ingredients of the Character of Prophet Muhammad which we need to Aim for:

He was reliable, trustworthy, someone you can rely on, who even the non Muslims appreciated.
We need to build such a character for ourselves in Islam so that people in societies feel that we are a good ideal example to follow.

Our job isn’t to convert anyone, it is to remind people, and to make ourselves into people that others look upto and feel in awe of. Just like the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam).

 

فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

fa dhakkir inna maa anta mudhakkir –

So remind, surely you are a reminder. [Ghashiyah 88:21]

Allah didn’t even say – fa dhakkir HUM (then remind THEM)

Allah is telling His Messenger that you don’t need to worry about them (those who disbelieve). They will believe or they won’t believe.

But you just have to fulfill the obligation of conveying the message and reminding them.

 

وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ

wa Qul-il haqqu min Rabbikum fa man shaa’a fa-l yu’min, fa man shaa’a fa-l yaKfur.. –

and Say the truth is from your Master, so whoever wants will believe, and whoever wants is ungrateful/disbelieve.. [al Kahf 18:29]


The people have to believe, but if they don’t, they will enter a Fire in the next life – and this is why the Messenger is afraid for them.

However, the disbeliever thinks the Messenger is trying to convince them for an ulterior motive or for his own benefit. And this is why they continuously reject him and accuse him.
وَيَا قَوْمِ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مَالًا ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى ال

And O people, I am not asking you for reward, My reward is with Allah (Hud 11:29)


You are nothing but a Continuous Reminderer (mudhakkir) – [Ghashiyah 88:21-22]

So Allah is telling His Messenger that they [the non muslims] will debate you, and insult you and put false labels on you (that the Messenger is insane, has ulterior motives, etc.) but Allah is telling us;

Fa dhakkir – then continue to remind.

 

Remind about what?

That Allah is our Originator, that we are responsible in obeying Him, and that we will be asked about our actions on Judgment Day, and we will go to Hell or Paradise as a result.

If they accuse us or the Messenger of anything, ignore them. Because Allah has already confirmed that His Messenger is not a liar or insane person. So we just need to continue reminding about the main message of Islam through the Quran;

1 – Allah’s signs.

2 – Our Responsibility infront of Allah.

3 – the Payback of disbelievers and believers [Hell or Paradise]. 

(ask them if they believe in our 6 pillars of faith; Allah, Angels, Books, Messengers, the Judgment Day, Destiny). And that if they do believe – then they are already have Islamic beliefs, so they should accept Islam.


Surah Nun/Qalam: starts off with Allah telling His Messenger that you are not insane/mad/schizophrenic etc. by the favour of your Master [Qalam 68:2] And at the end of the surah He tells us that the disbelievers say he is insane [Qalam 68:51]. But just the pure message of the surah has proven he is not, and by the end of the surah – you don’t even feel that their insults are a big deal.

Our job is not to convert anyone, but just to deliver the message. It might be that this warning and good news you give effects someone’s heart in the future when you didn’t expect.
Fundamental Ingredients of the Character of Prophet Muhammad which we need to Aim for:

He was reliable, trustworthy, someone you can rely on, who even the non Muslims appreciated.
We need to build such a character for ourselves in Islam so that people in societies feel that we are a good ideal example to follow.

Our job isn’t to convert anyone, it is to remind people, and to make ourselves into people that others look upto and feel in awe of. Just like the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam). [/accordion]

Family & Islamic Brotherhood

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Watch Video – Nouman Ali Khan: Part 1 | Part 2

 


http://youtu.be/o8JC7vnBH8k

 

 

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ

Inna ma-‘l mu’minoona
Ikhwah..

Surely the believers are nothing but
Ikhwah– Brothers
[Surah Hujurat 49:10]

Ikhwah [ إخوَه] is different to Ikhwaan [ إخوَان].


Ikhwaan[
إخوَان] refers to Brothers at a general level, i.e. Unity between people.ie. friends might call themselves brothers because of closeness.

Ikhwah
[
إخوَه] refers to Blood brothers.You’re tied by one Mother.This is the type of relationship Allah is describing the believers with.


Between blood brothers, there are alot of disputes and differences and sometimes even arguments. But even if you fight, when someone else comes to annoy him – you will support your brother against an outsider. This is the type of relationship Allah is describing for us; that us believers – we might disagree with our brothers sometimes, but when it comes to outsiders – believers will unite as one family to support each other.

If you believe other believers are brothers, then we should show it locally to the believers, no matter what background or race they are from.

 

Islam isn’t just ideas, but it’s close Brotherhood and a good Personality.


فَ أَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ

fa Al-lafabayna quloobikum –

And He
United/put Love between your hearts [aal Imran 3:103].

If you do not feel love to the good believers, then maybe Allah has not made you a strong believer, and that is why you don’t love them?

Your love and emotions should be based on what Allah loves.

The foundation of Da’wah is Brotherhood.


A Brotherhood Scenario
:

Imagine: A team playing basketball.

If one team has players who argue and disagree with each other – causing fighting between them.

While another team is working united and put aside their differences – working hard for a Common Cause.

Which team will win? Answer: The one which is united.


The Main United Mission of the Believers
is:
Da’wah (Inviting others to Islam).

The Muslim Community takes advantage of each others Talents, and work in Unity on Different Aspects of the da’wah. This strengthens our da’wah [inviting to Islam], and it enhances the Productivity in our Da’wah because many people are focusing on the field of their speciality, and excelling that area of the Da’wah. Working together as brothers will make the whole project a success insha’ Allah.


The Da’ee [Inviter] should have
:

a – Good Speech – saying the right thing.
b – Good Action – good actions which support what you say of good.

The Qur’an talks of 3 Types of Da’wah;


1 –
to Majority of People / Masses. – this message is simple / straighforward / full of good advice to make peoples lives better.

Good Advice: should Bring peace individually, and socially | Good Counsel/Advice = al Maw’iDa al Hasanah.

2 –Leaders of a Society [Intellectual Elite in all fields – the Think Tank of society.] (al Mala’):

Good Advice is not good enough with them. They need Professional Scholarly Intellectual and Convincing responses.


Social Fear of Islam:

When the masses of general people, and really influential people become Muslims, society starts to get afraid.

Why? Because Islam calls for Justice. And who hates Justice? People who take advantage of Injustice.

i.e. Alcohol companies, Gambling companies. Etc. Which gain billions of dollars through injustice.

So these types of companies who take advantage of injustice and corruption will be at the forefront in trying to block out the Just/Fair message of Islam.

What will they do as a Result of Fear?

They will bring forward talkers/intellectuals who discredit Islam. On TV, on News, media etc.

This keeps the masses of people rejecting the good advice the believers would give.


3 –Specialized in Debate Da’ee.

This Da’ee will reply to the false ‘intellectuals’ against Islam.

We need specialized Du’aat in specific fields of Da’wah, through Brotherhood and Unity for organization of our Da’wah activities.

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Help your Family Members in Good, don’t Discourage Them!

Allah will take the lower people of Jannah/paradise to the top to meet their familiy members on higher levels, instead of you going to the bottom levels to visit them.

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَاتَّبَعَتْهُمْ ذُرِّيَّتُهُم بِإِيمَانٍ أَلْحَقْنَا بِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَمَا أَلَتْنَاهُم مِّنْ عَمَلِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ ۚ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ بِمَا كَسَبَ رَهِينٌ

And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith, to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned. [at-Toor 52:21]

So if you have family who does good Islamic work, encourage them instead of preventing them. Because if you’re in a low rank of Jannah/paradise – they can help you come to the top.

You’ll have Connections to give you higher ranks in Jannah, just by encouraging the family members who do the best good deeds.

قَالُوا إِنَّا كُنَّا قَبْلُ فِي أَهْلِنَا مُشْفِقِينَ

They will say, “Indeed, we were previously among our people fearful [of displeasing Allah ].[at-Toor 52:26]

Always worrying about their family in this life, will they go astray? How can we prevent that. Just like Prophet Ya’qub on his deathbed;

 

أَمْ كُنتُمْ شُهَدَاءَ إِذْ حَضَرَ يَعْقُوبَ الْمَوْتُ إِذْ قَالَ لِبَنِيهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن بَعْدِي قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ إِلَٰهَكَ وَإِلَٰهَ آبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًا وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya’qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We shall worship your Ilah (God – Allah), the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam).” [al Baqarah 2:133]

This world is the time for concern, the next life is the time for joy.

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Conflict ResolutionSurah Hujurat 49:9-10– Nouman Ali Khan

[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvYNWNc4ghU%5D

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وَ إِن طَائِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْ مُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُوا فَ أَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖفَ إِن بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَىٰ فَقَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي حَتَّى ٰتَفِيءَ إِلَىٰ أَمْرِاللَّه ِۚفَ إِن فَاءَتْ

فَ أَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا بِ الْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوا ۖإِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ


And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two. But if one of them oppresses the other, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance of Allah . And if it returns, then make settlement between them in justice and act justly. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.

إِنَّمَا الْ مُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُم ْۚوَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.

[Surah Hujurat 49: 9-10]

 

This is Divine Advice given by Allah, and its miraculousness is shown through the words Allah chooses.

A French Orientalist commented on this ayah and claimed there was a grammatical mistake in this ayah, because;
Taa’ifatAAN= 2 groups from the believers.

aqtataloo they(plural, more than 2 groups)fight.


Then further Allah said,
fa asslihubaynahuMA [then reconcile between them two] – which again implies 2 groups.

So why is aqtatalOO in the plural ofmore than 2, whereas ta’ifatAAN and baynahuMA refers to 2?

 

Now, moving onto the real discussion;

 

Who is fighting? 2 groups of the believers.

Before the physical fighting occurs, there are2 different opposing groups facing each other. I.e. Group A, Group B.

When the fighting pauses, (i.e. it might be time for salah/prayer) – the 2 groups stop fighting. They pray in the same direction. Are they now 2 different groups, or are they ALOT of Muslims worshipping the same God? They are ALOT of Muslims worshipping the same God.So now they are MANY Mu’minoon [believers].

 

But when the pause stops, the two groups of Muslims are again split up into two opposing groups due to their differing views.

When Muslims fight each other, one group says we are true believers and says the other group are hypocrites or rebelling.

Likewise, the opposing group will say the same thing about the other group.

 

Allah tells us;

وَإِن طَائِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُوا


If
2groups [taa’ifatAAN] from the [min al] Mu’mineen [believers] aqtataloo/fight each other..

 

So Allah is giving each group the benefit of the doubt by naming the opposing group Mu’mineen[Believers].

This will make the opposing group have mercy and more thought/consideration about the ones they are opposing. “They are my Mu’min/believing brothers on the other side…”

And we know that based on the sayings of Allah’s Messenger, a believer is more sacred in Allah’s sight than the Ka’ba itself.

 

فَ أَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا

Fa aSlihoo baynahuMAA

then make reconciliation between them two.

The one who makes peace between them is also a Muslim. He might have biases in the beginning. But because he knows they are believers [Mu’mineen] from each side, he will have to be fair between them out of his loyalty to Allah.

Sothis Mu’min intermediary will help both sides to agree and make a balance, so one side of Mu’mineen might make a few changes to their ideas, on the condition that the other side makes equal amount of changes too. This allows fairness between both parties to come to a common agreement.

Now if they both agree and have reconciled, that is good.
فَ إِنبَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَىٰ


Fa in baghat ihdaahuMA ‘ala al ukhra..

If one of them rebels [baghat] against the other..


However, usually
there are some people from either group who aren’t happy with the reconciliation conditions that were made in the meeting between the two parties.

This group never spoke about their unhappiness before in the peace meeting, rather – when it was over, they went back and started discussing it secretly amongst their own subgroup. They now unite, and rebel against the united decisions of reconciliation that had been reconciled between the two groups of Mu’mineen [Believers] earlier.

 

 

فَ قَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي

..then fight [plural/altogether] the one who rebelled

The
two parties of Mu’mineen [believers who reconciled earlier], and the neutral Mu’min Reconciler of before – they have to now ALL come together, and they are commanded by Allah to fight this new rebellious party.

 

When there is a conflict between Muslims, and reconciliation takes place – usually, the believers get together and unite. But there is usually someone who will try to restart the conflict again between the people. So the people will say to each other; leave him alone.

But that IS NOT the right thing to do. Allah tells us that if the rebellious group tries to restart the conflict, then EVERYONE from the previous 2 groups of Mu’mineen, AND the neutral Reconciler has toget together against this rebellious group, and stop them. (Otherwise, its possible that this rebellious group might secretly spread the great conflict all over again amongst the Muslims gradually.)

So Allah is telling us to end their rebellion instead of just being silent about it.

حَتَّىٰ تَفِيءَ إِلَىٰ أَمْرِاللَّهِ

until they return to the command of Allah

hattaa tafeee’a ilaa amrillah
tafee’a – faa’a = to return [from a bad state into a good state].

similar words;

baa’a – (also means) to return. [going from a good state, and return to a bad state.]

raja’a – to return [i.e. back home] (the general word for ‘return’)

 

Allah said; tafee’a in this ayah. This is implying to the rebllious group – if they return back to the main peace treaty – that is better for them.They are returning from a bad state into a good state by returning to the treaty again.

They’re thinking that they’re fighting for their own good. But Allah is telling them that returning to the treaty is better for them. [Since Allah likes that the Muslims unite – that is better for the Muslims as a whole.]

Amrillah [Command of Allah] –the decision the Mu’mineen [believers] made earlier to reconcile and unite – is now being referred to as the Command of Allah. So now Allah is making it an obligation upon this rebellious group to return to the unity the believers, since now Allah is calling it the Amr/Command of Allah.

 

Allah commands that the ISlah / Decision the believers made is an obligation upon the rebellious group.

 

فَ إِنفَاءَتْ فَ أَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا بِ الْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوا

fa in faa’at fa aSlihoo baynahum-maa bil ‘adli wa aqsittoo

So when they [the rebellious group] have come back, then make settlement between them both with ‘adl and aqsittoo.

 

faa’a– when they come back [from bad to good]

After alot of conflict between the two believing parties, then another conflict against the rebelling group – people might start to doubt the beliefs of this rebelling group who has now united with the Muslims, since they had caused alot of problems for the Muslims. So the believers might ask each other; ‘How can we really trust these people we’ve fought with twice? What if they’re planning something else again?’

But Allah told us that the opposing groups are Mu’mineen [believers], so we do need to give them the benefit of the doubt after they have returned to unity.

 

Allah says:

‘Adljustice – you do justice, but you do it publically. [this is ‘adl].

So Allah is telling that the justice should be shown publically so the people know that there is no corruption/injustice against these people when making a settlement/agreement.

This way, the public will see that these people were given the right to speak in court, to see the evidences, and if the rebellors were to complain in the future – the public could tell them that ‘we witnessed your case, and you had the right to speak then if you felt there was injustice, so why are you rebelling now?’

‘Adlis advice to the community that wants to reconcile.

 

aqsittQisT – to be Fair/Just, in public and private.

[this is advice for the Muslims as a whole.]

InAllaha yuHibbu-‘l muQsiteen – Surely Allah loves the Fair & Just [in public and private].

 

The next ayah/verse;

 

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ

inna ma al mu’minoona ikhwah;

The Believers are nothing more than brothers with each other.

 

فَ أَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُمْ

fa aSlihoo bayna – so make settlement/agreement between


akhawaykum– your brothers.

Allah could have saidfa asslihoo baynaHum – make agreement between Them. [3rd person]

But instead, Allah says; fa aSlihoo bayna akhawaykum– make agreement between yourbrothers. [2nd person]

This brings a feeling of more closeness to your believing brothers and sisters.

 

Making Reconciliation between believes = You’re a Mu’min!

So Allah is guaranteeing for those who make agreement between their Believing brothers/sisters, that they are also Believers / Mu’minoon. Allah is affirming for them that they don’t just submit in Islam [as Muslims], but He affirms that Emaan [Belief] is strong in their hearts– so they are Mu’minoon for causing reconciliation between the other believers.

 

So if you are trying reconcile between the Muslims, then good news! It’s possible that you are of the Mu’minoon who have strong Emaan in their heart.

 

وَاتَّقُوااللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

wataqullah la ala kum turhamoon

And fear Allah that you may recieve Mercy

 

Be consciouss of Allah/fear him. Especially when you are making peace talks between the believers. Because when Muslims talk, shaytan comes to try to cause enmity between them.

 

وَقُل لِّعِبَادِي يَقُولُوا الَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلْإِنسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا


And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that
they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy.

[Israa’ 17:53]

 

So when the Muslim speaks to another Muslim – especially when one of them is trying to reconcile 2 groups, shaytan/satan attempts to come between them and make one Muslim group misunderstand the other so more arguments occur.

 

What’s the solution to these attacks from shaytan?

wataqullah – fear Allah / be consciouss of Allah..

la’allakum turhamoon – so you can be shown mercy [from Allah].

 

This is the end of the Tafseer of these two aayaat.

The Biggest of Conflicts in the World can be removed by these simple steps.

Even in murder cases, Muslims have come together, read from and implemented these aayaat/verses, and settled their disputes. People can resolve these issues in villages, with just 2 Aayaat.

We ask Allah to make these aayaat a mean of guidance for all the Muslims.

 

There are 2 principles which are excessively praised in Islam;

1] Justice

2] Forgiveness


Justice – Allah orders us to be Just between mankind.

Forgiveness and Mercy– Allah promotes this between Muslims even more. Forgiveness and Mercy are praised between the Muslims.

The first time the major conflict between the Muslims happened in Islamic history was when Muslims never forgave each other, rather – they went for justice. If we have mercy on others, Allah will have mercy on us.[/accordion]

 

Sects & Groups

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وَمَا تَفَرَّقُوا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى لَّقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُورِثُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مُرِيبٍ

And they did not become divided untilafter knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And if not for a word that preceded from your Lord [postponing the penalty] until a specified time, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, those who were granted inheritance of the Scripture after them are, concerning it, in disquieting doubt.

[Surah Shura 42.14]


Baghiy urge to dominate the other. Out of Ego, self pride.
Ie a king wanting to take over another to prove his power. Or a scholar wanting to defeat another due to ‘intellectual power’.

Haal [their state]: they disagreed only to defeat the other out of rivalry.
Maf’ool lahu: due to ego and to prove you’re more knowledgeable.


مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ

Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful/humble among themselves. [Fat-h 48:29]

Are we correcting humbly to convey the truth which unifies us?

Or are we causing disputes to raise our ego and cause disunity through this harshness?

 


بِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖفَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْوَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْوَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ


So by mercy from Allah , [O Muhammad], you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you.
So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]. [aal Imraan 3:159]


1 –
Fa’fuw ‘an hum (forgive them lovingly)
2 – Wastaghfir lahum (and seek forgiveness for them)

3 –
And consult them (shawir – shoowra)– so if they did wrong – they still feel honored because their opinions are still heard by Allah’s Messenger or the Muslim leader.

3 strong ways to show you have forgiven someone.
Each stronger than the previous.

 

Shura 42:14 tafseer continued;

وَمَا تَفَرَّقُوا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى لَّقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُورِثُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مُرِيبٍ


And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And if not for a word that preceded from your Lord [postponing the penalty] until a specified time, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, those who were granted inheritance of the Scripture after them are, concerning it, in disquieting doubt.

[Shura 42.14]

Allah gets angry when Muslims argue worthlessly, and He would send a punishment straightaway for their arguments with each other, was it not for the fact that He delays that for a wisdom.

The effects of their arguments harms the next generation;


OoWrith-ul kitab – those who inherited the book.

Not أوت الكتاب .oowtul kitab (those given the book), or those who believed in the kitaab.. No, Warith وارث is an inheritor.

 

la fee [no doubt– in]

Shak – doubt – so you are not confident to go forward.

mureeb – a doubt which prevents you from going forward.

the next generation is in doubt about the religion, so they do not advance in it.

Why?

Because the previous generation was always disputing, fighting – and the evil they did – passed onto later generations, so that they could not distinguish what was right or wrong/halal or haram etc.

This is why Allah tells us to pray;

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا


Rabbanaa hablana min azwajina wa dhurriyatanaa qurratta a’yunin, wa ja’alna lil muttaqeena imaama.

And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqun [the God fearing]” [Surah al Furqan 25:74]

 

So on Judgment Day – we have descendants who were strong upon Islam, instead of gradually turning away from the religion.

If we do not stop these petty disagreements in the religion, we will be responsible if any of our future generations did not become Muslim. Since we were the ones who made our own children and the future generations dislike the religion.

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Common Arguments against Islam

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Refuting the ‘Problem of Evil’ Argument:

If you believe God is the Rabb/Master/Owner, then He is the One who gives to His slaves what He wants. His slaves did not pay Him for the favours He gave them, so even if He was to take a blessing away from them, why do they have the right to complain when it was Allah [the Masters] to begin with?

He has given us everything we have for free out of His Generosity, so He can take it whenever He wants. And if we were to use these blessings for good, for Allah’s pleasure, He will give us more good. If we do evil, and abuse the blessings He has given us – He can punish with us as He wants. And nobody can question Him, because He is the Master without need, and we are the slaves who are dependant on Him.

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If you believe in Justice…

Then you need to believe that there is a Judgment Day. Why? Because if someone kills an innocent person, what’s the biggest punishment they can get? The death penalty right? What if this person killed 100 people, what’s the biggest punishment he can get? The death penalty right? But that is 1 life for 100 people. Is that justice?

Now what if someone saved 100 people, what’s the biggest reward he can get in this life? He can’t get 100 lives. So he is missing some justice.

This is why believing in Justice means you have to believe in a Judgement Day to be replayed fairly and justly for your actions.

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The Quran’s Argument on why Humans are not Animals.

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Asalaam alaikum waRahmatulah waBarakatuh.


Takweer 81:27:

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِّلْ عَالَمِينَ

This is nothing but a reminder for the all beings with an Intellect.[‘aalameen (beings with an Intellect) = jinn, men, angels etc.].

The message doesn’t need you, its a reminder for all the worlds – for the beings with an intellect (‘aalameen).

So O Disbelievers! This message doesn’t need you, and if you disbelieve – others will be chosen in preference to you.


Verse [(81):28

لِ مَن شَاءَ مِن كُمْ أَن يَسْتَقِيمَ

To whomsoever among you who wills to be
Upright [yAStaqeem],


li man sha’a

li – for
man – who
shaa’a – wants to
min kum – from you


yASTaQeem – to be Upright, standing up straight vertically.

Beautiful imagery in this ayah/verse;

IstiQamah (to stay firm and upright – from Qaama [stand up straight]).

For one who wants to stand up straight..

Out of all creatures – which ones stand up totally Straight and Upright? The humans. The other animals are bent over or crawling.

So Allah is hinting at us
;This is a reminder for those who have Intellectthose who want to be real Intellectual / Standing up Humans and not bent over, humbled, lowly Animals.


Furthermore
;

When do those who benefit from the reminder stand up straight? InSalaah/prayer to Allah. Beautiful imagery.

This is why the Siraat al Mustaqeem [commonly translated as the ‘Straight Path’] is really a directly Upwards straight path.

Because it Raises you in Ranks in the sight of Allah and in Jannah (Paradise), and it distances you from the love of this temporary world to love for the better eternal life to come.

 

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Asalaam alaikum warahmatulah wabarakatuh

Surah at-Teen [95] Ayah 4:

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

La
qad khalaqna al-insana fee ahsanitaqweem

We have certainly created man in the best of stature;

la– a pronoun for emphasis – for sure

qad – already (Allah had already honored the human when he was being created in the womb [karamna bani Adam – quote quran])

khalaqNaa – We created (Allah made/designed the human being)

al Insan – the human being (insan – nasiya = forgetful [human being])

fee – in

ahsan – husn / hasana – beauty

Similar word:
baheej (also in quran for beauty) – delightful, pleasing to the eye (i.e. flowers). [see Hajj 22:5 and Qaf 50:7]

ahsan – beautiful on the outside and inside.

taqweem – qaama (to stand) – to make something stand up straight/upright.
Qawwama – used to straighten a spear which has become bent in battle.

taqweem – to get multiple parts/components and to balance them together so they are straight.

It also means to design something perfectly in the way you intended to make it.

(i.e. A car which is made how you wanted it perfectly placed / made / balanced.)

A Perfect Balance.
Humans are the only ones who walk completely upright; physically, aswell as morally.

A perfect balance of body and soul.

A fitrah Allah has placed within us (see tafseer surah Shams), so our self/nafs desires a balance between worldly sustenance and spiritual sustenance.

We’ve been given what no other other species has been given. Allah refutes those who say humans have no moral self honour.

Not only did the human forget Allah, they disgraced themselves due to that. Forgetting Allah brings about the human’s disgrace, and remembering Him brings about honour and morality.

When people forget Allah/God, they think they are living a life of intellectualism and freedom. Whereas they have really become slaves to their desires (which they can’t quit due to addiction). The suicide rate is the highest now than in history. Strange and demented crimes against children, and others are at a new level. Corruption and Crime is at a peak around the world. All because they forgot Allah.

Ayah 5:

ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَسَافِلِينَ

Thumma
radadnahu asfala safileen

Then We return him to the lowest of the low,

This ayah is the heart of the Surah.

then we rejected him and lowered him to the lowest of the low.

This is negative, so why did He mention Himself?

Allah tells us that He created the human in the best fashion, and then – due to the evil of that human’s actions – We (still showing Allah’s Majesty) – lowered him to the lowest of the low.

So it is not a flaw in Allah’s creation that this human slave went to the lowest of the low. Rather, Allah made him low because of his distancing from Allah.

Allah purposelly mentioned Himself lowering this human, because if He never – people might think that Allah’s creation was not really in perfect form.

So Allah purposely says that He himself lowered this forgetful [of Allah] human (insan).

What does Lowest of the Low – (Asfala as-Safileen) Mean?

The context of this Surah is the Ethical and Moral concept of the Soul:

Radad = to return / reject / lower. Rejected him and lower him.

Other words meaning ‘to turn’ are;

aqlama – change something completely.
Sarafa – to turn something away.
Wal-laa – turn face away
lafat-ta – tilt slightly towards something.

There are many words in the Arabic language to mean to turn away.

So why is Rad used?

ar-Rad– reject something on the basis that it is unacceptable.

Allah created him in the best form, but he did bad things – so Allah rejected him.

Asfal as-Safileen – The Lowest of the Low:

asfallowest
a’la [the antonym] – highest

وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلَىٰ ۗ وَكَلِمَةُ اللَّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ

..and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of Allah – that is the highest. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.  [Tawba 9:40]

 

Sifla – also refers to; dirty / wretched / bad people (in morals.)

Allah created the human above everyone else.

وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا

And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and
carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference. [Israa’ 17:70]

 

هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُم مَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا

It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth…
[Baqarah 2:29]

 

With all these Favours – what does the Human do?

Everything on Earth – Allah created for the human. (i.e. The cat, dog, car etc.) The angels were told to prostrate to the human. Yet the human can go lower than the other things on Earth – even lower than beasts and animals – if he forgets Allah, because he has not fulfilled his role as a noble human in service to Allah, his Master.

We humans were supposed to worship Allah the Most High, yet those who worship other than Him lower themselves infront of a tree, or stone idol, or another human etc. So they are humiliating themselves by humbling themselves to something lower than themselves.

They are returned to the lowest of the low.

Animals will usually only attack other animals when they are hungry or in danger etc.

However, humans attack others even when they are full, with the intent of wanting more and more and more wealth.

So again, the human can be returned to the lowest of the low.

Animals will not do crimes like humans do; genocide, mass rape etc.

If the animal is low, then the human has become the lowest of the low.

وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ ۖ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لَّا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ لَّا يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ آذَانٌ لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْغَافِلُونَ

And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless. [A’raf 7:179]

 

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There are 3 types of Yaqeen [Certainty]:

Ilm al yaqeen – certainty based on knowledge (Highest rank). I.e. Seeing smoke signifies a fire (even if we don’t see a fire). Or wet grass is most likely due to rain.

‘Ayn al yaqeen – certainty based on seeing. I.e. Seeing the fire.

Haq al yaqeen – Certainty. Feeling the fire and it warms you or burns you = haq al yaqeen.

Allah gives us the two Yaqeen’s in this life (ilm [knowledge] and haq [certainty] al yaqeen).

The Qur’an is ‘Ilm al Yaqeen [Certain Knowledge]:

This perfect Book which is not similar to any human Book – is an ‘ilm al yaqeen [knowledge of certainty].

Describing the Qur’an;

 

وَإِنَّهُ لَحَقُّ الْيَقِينِ

And indeed, it is the truth of certainty. [Surah al Haqqah 69:51]

The disbelievers did not want Ilm al yaqeen, they wanted Ayn al yaqeen [Certainty of Vision].

 

An animal can be convinced with Ayn al Yaqeen [knowledge of Vision],

but you were created of a higher level – you should be convinced by Ilm al yaqeen [Certainty of Knowledge] because of the high Intellect (‘aql) Allah has given you.

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Quran

[accordion] The Qur’an is not trying to prove to you that it is a Miracle:

Rather the Qur’an is psychological, look into yourself, look outside of yourself. The Qur’an guides a person through different forms of Psychological Reflection.

Use your sense of balance and justice (universally recognised principles) – but ask yourself where did you get your balance from? How can that balance make you become even better, by not just believing its right, but implementing and spreading balance and justice among mankind too.

It goes beyond philosophy, it actually guides to what is higher than human thought. This is Qur’anic logic.

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Should we understand Qur’an through Modern Scientific Explanations?

The Qur’an is not speaking to us in scientific explanations, but through human experience – what the eye sees and percieves. So if we stay true to the language and how the Arabs would comunciate to each other during the life of Allah’s Messenger – then we may be closer to the intended meaning of the Qur’ans understandings.

This general rule will remove all doubts against the Qur’an by atheists who might say that the Qur’an is scientifically incorrect. It isn’t. Rather, the Qur’an is explained for the masses, so it will describe what is clear/apparent to the human eye.

So yes, we are aware that the night is really due to a lack of sunlight (many early muslim scientists would even affirm such concepts, knowing well that the Qur’an is not in contradiction), but Allah will still describe it as a covering for us, since that is its role and it actually does look like that for the general masses of people throughout history.

This may be done to avoid wasteful dispute throughout history, and instead allow mankind to agree on what is fully apparent, so they should reflect and be grateful for that. Then, scientists can study these phenomenon further to see them from a purely scientific perspective.

This is an answer to those who might be in doubt as to how some verses can be interpreted scientifically. So in reality, they don’t have to be interpreted in such a manner.

And Allah knows best.

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Personal Reflection

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[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CYyfiEMNBk%5D

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CYyfiEMNBk

Surah Zumar 39:53-4 – Nouman Ali Khan

Say, “O My servants who have
transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah .



قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah . Indeed, Allah forgives sins altogether. Indeed, it is He who is the ExtremelyForgiving, the Permanently Merciful.


سرف – Sarf – muSrif مسرف= Crossing the limit.
i.e. Allah has set a limit, and you cross that limit. That is a muSRiF. [i.e. if you place a boundary in a field, and your horse goes past that boundary – it is called a muSrif.]


قنط – QanaTa– to become depressed, hopeless – where you expect nothing good anymore.

غفر Ghafr – Covers/Forgives [sins].

غفور Ghafoor –

The letter ‘Waw’ و in the middle of a word in the Arabic language – makes it EXCESSIVE. So GhafOOr = EXTREMELY forgiving.

رحيم – Raheem – the letter ‘Ya’ ي in the middle of a word impliesPERMANENCY. So RahEEm = PERMANENTLY
Merciful.


GEM
:

Allah did not say He is PERMANENTLY Forgiving [Ghafeer غفير ] – because He is not Always Forgiving (some people He will not forgive – He will punish them). This encourages people to repent to Him and to avoid sins, hoping that He will forgive them, but not feeling 100% secure about what Allah will do. This instills hope and reliance in Allah’s Mercy.

So you ask Allah for forgiveness, because He is Extremely forgiving. But He is not always Forgiving. If He was always forgiving – you would always do sins and say ‘He will forgive me because He is always forgiving’. Yet when Allah punishes, He is still Permanently merciful because He is having mercy on others.


Surah Zumar 39:54
:

وَأَنِيبُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَسْلِمُوا لَهُ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ الْعَذَابُ ثُمَّ لَا تُنصَرُونَ

And return to your Lord and
completely submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped.

aSlim – Silmسلم – Complete Surrender. I.e. when the police catches a criminal and tells them to Surrender themselves completely in obedience to them.

Nasr نصر ALOT of help. This word is used for when Nations supply other nations with Millions of money in food and medicine etc. to relieve them of their hardship.

Allah is hinting that if you do not repent and submit to Allah – He will punish you with such a big punishment, that a small amount of help will not be able to help you. You will need ALOT of help [Nasr], and you will not even get that help.

 

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[Satan] Beautified for them their works.

زَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ

Zayyanalahum ash-shaytana a’maalahum

[Satan] Beautified for them their works. [Anfal 8:48]


‘Aml عمل inthe Qur’an usually implies good deeds/works.

Soo’u a’maalahum (سووعأعمالهم ) is for their evil deeds.

So shaytan is beautifying for the disbelievers their good deeds. This is what it seems like from the words used.

People do alot of evil deeds, then they might do a small good deed. Shaytan makes them remember the small good they might have done but they forget the huge evils they have also done. So shaytan beautifies this small good, and the person thinks they are really pious, and that this good deed is sufficient for them to be saved from Allah’s punishment.

A beautiful example of this is in surah Shu’ara 26:18-22. Where Pharaoah reminds Moses the favour of his upbringing of Moses when he was a child.


قَالَ أَلَمْ نُرَبِّكَ فِينَا وَلِيدًا وَلَبِثْتَ فِينَا مِنْ عُمُرِكَ سِنِينَ – وَفَعَلْتَ فَعْلَتَكَ الَّتِي فَعَلْتَ وَأَنتَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ – قَالَ فَعَلْتُهَا إِذًا وَأَنَا مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ – فَفَرَرْتُ مِنكُمْ لَمَّا خِفْتُكُمْ فَوَهَبَ لِي رَبِّي حُكْمًا وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

[Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] said [to Musa (Moses)]: “Did we not bring you up among us as a child? And you did dwell many years of your life with us.

“And you did your deed, which you did (i.e. the crime of killing a man). And you are one of the ungrateful.”

Musa (Moses) said: “I did it then, when I was an ignorant (as regards my Lord and His Message).

So I fled from you when I feared you. Then my Lord granted me wisdom and prophethood and appointed me [as one] of the messengers.

[Shu’ara 26: 18-21]

 

Then Moses reminds him that he accepts that favour, but does that justify the enslavement and abuse of all the Banu Isra’eel people?

وَتِلْكَ نِعْمَةٌ تَمُنُّهَا عَلَيَّ أَنْ عَبَّدتَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ

“And this is the past favour with which you reproach me, that you have enslaved the Children of Israel?” [Shu’ara 26:22]

 

How can you compare these 2? Your evil is much worse than the little good you have done.

Shaytan had beautified his small good, making him forget his evil.

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