Surah Zumar 39:53-4 – Nouman Ali Khan Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah .
قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ
Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah . Indeed, Allah forgives sins altogether. Indeed, it is He who is the Extremely Forgiving, the Permanently Merciful.”
سرف – Sarf – muSrif مسرف = Crossing the limit. i.e. Allah has set a limit, and you cross that limit. That is a muSRiF. [i.e. if you place a boundary in a field, and your horse goes past that boundary – it is called a muSrif.]
قنط Qanata – to become depressed, hopeless – where you expect nothing good anymore.
غفر – Ghafr – Covers/Forgives [sins].
غفور – Ghafoor –
The letter ‘Waw’ و in the middle of a word in the Arabic language – makes it EXCESSIVE. So GhafOOr = EXTREMELY forgiving.
رحيم – Raheem – the letter ‘Ya’ ي – in the middle of a word implies PERMANENCY. So RahEEm = PERMANENTLY Merciful.
Allah did not say He is PERMANENTLY Forgiving [Ghafeer غفير ] – because He is not Always Forgiving (some people He will not forgive – He will punish them). This encourages people to repent to Him and to avoid sins, hoping that He will forgive them, but not feeling 100% secure about what Allah will do. This instills hope and reliance in Allah’s Mercy.
So you ask Allah for forgiveness, because He is Extremely forgiving. But He is not always Forgiving. If He was always forgiving – you would always do sins and say ‘He will forgive me because He is always forgiving’. Yet when Allah punishes, He is still Permanently merciful because He is having mercy on others.
Surah Zumar 39:54: