[aal Imran 3:134-6]
وَسَارِعُوا إِلَىٰ مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ ةٍوَجَنَّ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
And race to forgiveness from your Lord and a gardenas wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for the righteous
Who spend [in the cause of Allah ] during ease and hardship and who swallow anger and who pardon the people – and Allah loves the doers of good.
Saari’uu – run/hasten towards Jannah (Gardens of paradise). (the aayaat before [3:130] were discussing people running after worldly benefits (riba/usury for ‘increase’ in wealth.)
Allah is giving a better alternative to race for;
..Who Spend in times of ease and hardship.
..yuNFiQuwn – to LET GO OF SOMETHING ie spend.
Nothing like money is mentioned, so it refers to spending; money, time, efforts etc.
Kadhimeen al Ghaydh – swallow (Anger/rage). (it is in ism faa’il/active participle form = continuously.)
Suppress anger consistently.
‘Aafeen – forgive lovingly (ghifar – just forgiveness). ‘Afia = Pardon someone and forgive them lovingly.
Surely Allah loves al-muHSiNeen – doers of Good.
The next ayah is about the Muttaqeen going through shamelessnes and then remembering Allah;
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَن يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا
عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah ? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know.
[aal Imran 3:135]
Fahishatan – any shameless act.
Dhulm – wrong themselves in any way.
DhakarUllaha – immediately they remember Allah.
These are the people of taqwa [the highest levels in Faith].
Dhunuwb – dhanb – tail of an animal which is near shameful body parts.
Shameful sins = Dhunuwb.
They have an attitude of continuously turning to Allah even after sins. They never despair of Allah’s mercy.
The ayah then ends with jannah [Paradise] again.
أُولَٰئِكَ جَزَاؤُهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَجَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ وَنِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ
For such, the reward is Forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath (Paradise), wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is this reward for the doers (who do righteous deeds according to Allah’s Orders).
[aal Imran 3:136]